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How Your Vote Works: An Introduction

I've been enrolled to vote now for almost 18 years, and I think I understand very well how the electoral system in Australia works. However, there's a lot of people out there who don't have that understanding, and I'm in the mood for explaining how it all works.

Firstly, an introduction as to how the Australian Parliament actually works.

The Australian Parliament has two houses. The House of Representatives has 150 members, and each represents an electorate. Each electorate has approximately the same number of enrolled voters in it, so the House of Representatives gives an approximately equal voice to each enrolled voter in the country. The count of electorates in Australia (and therefore the count of members of the House of Representatives) is based on population counts, and as a result periodically the Australian Electoral Commission must do a redistribution of the electorate boundaries when the population shifts have changed things enough. The last change in numbers was in 2001 when it went from 148 to 150 seats, while the last redistribution was in 2003 and resulted in South Australia losing one seat, Queensland gaining a seat, and Victoria kept the same number of seats but one seat was abolished while another new one was created.

The Senate has 76 members, with 12 members representing each of the 6 States (Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania) with 2 members each representing the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory. The Senate gives each State a theoretically equal voice.

Those numbers are governed by the Constitution of Australia. In the Constitution it states that each of the original six States of Australia must have have at least six Senate seats, and must be an equal number. Each of the original six States much have at least five seats in the House of Representatives, and the total number must be "as nearly as practicable, twice the number of Senators".

Bills (the things that get turned into the Laws of this Country) can be introduced by members of either house, except if is an appropriation bill (the bill is to do with proposing an expenditure or levying a tax). Appropriation bills can only be introduced by members of the House of Representatives.

The procedure to turn a Bill into Law is theoretically simple. The Bill is introduced into one of the two houses by the appropriate member. It is discussed, possibly amended, and eventually voted on. If it passes the vote, it is then sent to the other house for the same treatment. If it is amended in the other house, it must return to the first house for another round. Once the bill has been passed by both houses in exactly the same form (so no new amendments) it becomes law. The only variation to this is that in addition to not being allowed to be introduced into the Senate, appropriation bills can not be amended in the Senate either, only passed or rejected.

Theoretically, as the Queen's Representative, the Governor General can refuse to allow a bill to pass into law, but that power is nowadays nothing more than a formality.

The leader of the Country, the Prime Minister of Australia, is not directly elected. The PM is the leader of the Majority power in the House of Representatives. Currently, the Australian Labour Party holds 83 of the 150 seats in the House of Representatives, and therefore the Leader of the Party is the Prime Minister of Australia.

Comments

( 3 comments — Leave a comment )
aeduna
Aug. 10th, 2010 05:45 am (UTC)
Dunno if you want to add that the difference between the House & Senate is primarily to try and minimise the tyranny of the majority or tyranny of the minority. By giving people per amount of population, and a voice per political unit, there is a hope that a balance will be achieved.
motokomaharet
Aug. 10th, 2010 07:46 am (UTC)
(Haven't fully read the above)

If you want to see where preferences go visit www.belowtheline.org.au
halloranelder
Aug. 10th, 2010 08:44 am (UTC)
I'm going to link to that in the Senate post.
( 3 comments — Leave a comment )

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Desert Rose

I dream of rain
I dream of gardens in the desert sand
I wake in vain
I dream of love as time runs through my hand

I dream of fire
Those dreams are tied to a horse that will never tire
And in the flames
Her shadows play in the shape of a man's desire

This desert rose
Each of her veils, a secret promise
This desert flower
No sweet perfume ever tortured me more than this

And as she turns
This way she moves in the logic of all my dreams
This fire burns
I realize that nothing's as it seems

I dream of rain
I dream of gardens in the desert sand
I wake in vain
I dream of love as time runs through my hand

I dream of rain
I lift my gaze to empty skies above
I close my eyes
This rare perfume is the sweet intoxication of her love

I dream of rain
I dream of gardens in the desert sand
I wake in vain
I dream of love as time runs through my hand

Sweet desert rose
Each of her veils, a secret promise
This desert flower
No sweet perfume ever tortured me more than this

Sweet desert rose
This memory of Eden haunts us all
This desert flower
This rare perfume, is the sweet intoxication of the fall

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